Medical Student CHANGE & Medical Trainee CHANGE Studies were funded by two R01 grants from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health*. The study was originally conceived by Michelle van Ryn, PhD (Principal Investigator) and John (Jack) Dovidio, PhD (Yale Site Investigator) in order to determine whether medical training factors had an impact on physician biases and/or equity of care.
The primary purpose of the studies is to examine the impact of medical school and residency organizational climate, role model behavior, and formal and informal training experiences on new physician characteristics (well-being, attitudes, and practices) associated with disparities in care.
The secondary purpose of the studies is to examine the impact of medical school and residency characteristics on outcomes among new physicians who are members of marginalized social groups (under-represented minority, sexual minority, and have obesity).
*NHLBI, NIH, 1 RO1 HL085631 (2009-2015) and NHLBI, NIH, 2 RO1 HL085631 (2015-2019)