The Impact of Racism on Clinician Cognition, Behavior and Clinical Decision Making

Over the past two decades, thousands of studies have demonstrated that Blacks receive lower quality medical care than Whites, independent of disease status, setting, insurance, and other clinically relevant factors. Despite this, there has been little progress towards eradicating these inequities. Almost a decade ago we proposed a conceptual model identifying mechanisms through which clinicians’ behavior, cognition, and decision making might be influenced by implicit racial biases and explicit racial stereotypes, and thereby contribute to racial inequities in care. Empirical evidence has supported many of these hypothesized mechanisms, demonstrating that White medical care clinicians: (1) hold negative implicit racial biases and explicit racial stereotypes, (2) have implicit racial biases that persist independently of and in contrast to their explicit (conscious) racial attitudes, and (3) can be influenced by racial bias in their clinical decision making and behavior during encounters with Black patients. This paper applies evidence from several disciplines to further specify our original model and elaborate on the ways racism can interact with cognitive biases to affect clinicians’ behavior and decisions and in turn, patient behavior and decisions. We then highlight avenues for intervention and make specific recommendations to medical care and grant-making organizations

Social Harmony versus Social Change? Majority and Minority Perspectives on Common Identity

These slides are from a presentation Dr. Dovidio gave for a scientific audience at the U Mass Conference on Inter-Group Conflict, 2010   Abstract: The effects of positive intergroup contact for improving intergroup attitudes are impressively and extensively documented. Beyond demonstrating the robustness of these effects, recently research has focused on identifying key factors that…

Unintended Bias in Health Care Strategies for Providing More Equitable Care

Research shows that unintentional bias on the part of physicians can influence the way they treat patients from
certain racial and ethnic groups. Most physicians are unaware that they hold such biases, which can unknowingly
contribute to inequalities in health care delivery. This article explains why a person’s thoughts and behaviors may
not align, and provides strategies for preventing implicit biases from interfering with patient care.

Image of woman walking away gender bias and discrimination sexism

How to Keep Women from Advancing in 4 Easy Steps (And Feel Good About It)

Gender stereotypes are not just descriptive, they are prescriptive. It’s not just how women are, it’s how women are supposed to be. And women who behave out of role are punished for it. —Susan Fiske, PhD I have been thinking a lot about what happened to Hillary Clinton. She has her faults –  I could…

Doctors dealing with patient bias and prejudice

When Patients Are Biased

When Patients are Biased The apparent conflict between patient rights and non-discriminatory policies is complex. However, organizations create an ethical and practical slippery slope when they meet patient demands for providers with specific (clinically irrelevant) characteristics. If a request for a provider with a specific skin tone is honored, must patient requests for a provider…